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The work on the rhetorical analysis of the text contributes to the formation of such competences as the abilities to generalize, analyze, perceive information, set the goal and choose the ways to achieve it, correct oral and written speech, prepare and edit texts of professional and socially meaningful content. Today, rhetoric is an important link between the culture of modern society and a person. It covers all spheres of public life, such as pedagogy, diplomacy, medicine, administrative, legal, and organizational activities, etc. Rhetoric forms the processes of speech communication and manages them. Its language is characterized by universality.
The Essence of the Text
The text is the subject of the study. It is not correct to limit rhetoric to only oratorical art; modern rhetoric studies all the variety of texts included in the culture, from everyday communication to the speech of the media. The developed linguistic personality should orientate in different kinds of literature and understand their nature.
Understanding the text is carried out through the rhetorical analysis. The rhetorical analysis allows you to view the text in a dialogical context. The main criteria for selecting works for rhetorical analysis are cultural significance, the relevance of the work, and the effectiveness of the speech effect. The causes, the conditions for the occurrence of this statement and the possible consequence in this regard are very important for the analyzed speech.
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It is necessary to understand how the author of the text justifies his or her position. The logic-communicative process, aimed at substantiating the position of one person for its subsequent understanding and acceptance by another person, is called argumentation. The thesis is an advanced proposition, which is substantiated in the process of argumentation. It is the main structural element of argumentation. The analysis of the text involves the consideration of the nature and system of arguments chosen by the writer. Arguments are judgments with which the truth of a thesis is substantiated.
The Main Properties of the Text
The analyzed text should have three important properties, such as thought, truth, and beauty. The work saturated with the thought and meaning has moral content. All these things are set out in a true representation of reality. The beauty is understood as the structure of the speech, the depth of the content, the focus on attracting the attention of listeners and exciting feelings and emotions. The rhetorical analysis differs from other types by its versatility, since it covers the whole product, from the analysis of discourse to the choice of words.
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Thus, the text, being a unique phenomenon of spiritual culture, plays an important role in the development of a person. Rhetorical analysis not only ensures correct perception and understanding of the text but also prepares you for the creation of your own statement.
Here is a list of some speeches for the analysis from a rhetorical point of view.
- Speech of Martin Luther King (“I Have a Dream”)
- Speech of Steve Jobs
- Speeches of Winston Churchill
- Gettysburg speech of Abraham Lincoln
- Charlie Chaplin’s speech at the 70th anniversary